In the lowlands, in northern Banat, we distinguishes the two morphological units: alluvial plain and loess terrace. The largest alluvial plain is one of a river Tisa, while its tributaries Moriš and Zlatica forme small alluvial plain. On the alluvial plain of the river Zlatica extends Nature Reserve "Pastures of great bustard". This plane is dispersed and wide. Intersected by numerous valleys which represent the remains of old dried Zlatica streams. Alluvial plain has morphological forms such as meanders, backwaters, coastal beams and coastal hills. In the central part of the reserve there is one such meander. Geologically, the alluvial plain is composed of fluvial sands and muddy clay. Loess terraces in northern Banat is disintegrated by alluvial plains in several parts of the island's shape. At some places, as well as around the perimeter of the reserve, these are the islands. Loess terrace is made of marsh, redeposited and terrestrial loess. Marsh loess occupies the largest space, it contains a lot of clay and it is porous. On the surface of the marsh loess water is retained longer. Where the humidity is higher, due to the shallow aquifer, slat marsh are created.

The main soil types are "ritska smonica", saline and alkalized, in which solonetz is mosaicly distributed. From the surrounding areas penetrates chernozem carbonates and meadow black soil.

Basic hydrological characteristics of the entire northern Banat causes river Tisza, and the area occupied by a great bustard is also influenced by Zlatica river and channels that are part of hidrocistema DTD. Hydrological conditions of the reserve change in range from extremely dry to the years with high groundwater.

North Banat area, in which lives present population of the great bustard, has a steppe-continental climate, with relatively little rainfall and dominant winds Košava and the north wind.

Clear meso- and micro- relief, uneven salinity and variable moisture soil base, clear climatic extremes, and antropozoogen effects are the basis of the general environmental characteristics of the last residence of the great bustard with us.

The vegetation of the area is characterized by a very interesting mosaic-complex of floral community typical of the Pannonian and those specific for individual sites or for the Northern Banat region as a whole. In the area there is shift between salt marsh, bumpy and steppe vegetation, and stands of reed. Reserve gets a special seal with communities of Seseli plants and Fabaceae. Seasils dominate with extreme density and height.